Instead of going into bankruptcy, everyone, including the States, was provided with the opportunity to use the new Federal Reserve Notes, called escort Fontana (incorrectly) “lawful money” grounded in perpetual debt of the “eligible paper” which formed the assets of the Federal Reserve and the National Banks, These are also known as “units of monetized debt”. paid or become paid down for anything since that infamous day of June 5, 1933 when Roosevelt willfully and knowingly stole Our gold and gave it to a bunch of foreign bankers. (Lawfully, debts can only be paid with money – money as defined by the Law of the Land – The Constitution – being gold and silver coin. Anything else is not lawful money and cannot therefore lawfully “pay a debt”.) Thus, overnight, We The People became liable for specific performance on the basis of a debt action of assumpsit under the personal Legislation Seller, operating outside of the Constitution and imposing an Equitable jurisdiction. A jurisdiction in which no one has any rights, where one can be compelled summarily to deliver his property without trial by Common Law jury. And the debts to the private bankers keep mounting ever higher.
Neither normally He end up being motivated, by-law, to simply accept, or to promote informed accept take on, a fair jurisdiction overseas so you’re able to his Statement regarding Rights.
On beginning away from government according to the Structure , Congress conferred for the government area courts private cognizance “of all of the civil reasons for admiralty and you can maritime jurisdiction, . . . . . . ; saving to help you suitors, in every times, just the right regarding a familiar Laws answer, the spot where the Common law was qualified to give it;. . .” (step 1 STAT 77, Part 9 (1789))
Because this jurisdiction try held getting exclusive, the efficacy of statutes on a single topic must necessarily feel in the federal legislature and never regarding the state legislatures.
Congress enacted the Limited Liability Act on March 3, 1851. It is codified at Title 46, United States Code, Sections 181-189, as amended in 1875, 1877, 1935, 1936 and the Act of 1884. It intended to cover the entire subject of limitations, and to invest the U. S. District Courts with exclusive original cognizance of all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction, exclusive of the States. This means that the States do not have any jurisdiction in admiralty and maritime matters, whatsoever.
Admiralty and maritime jurisdiction comprises two types of cases: (1) those involving acts committed on the high seas or other navigable waters, and (2) those associated with deals and you will deals associated with distribution operating on the oceans otherwise navigable oceans. In other words, the second type of case must have a direct connection with maritime commerce.
An excellent freeborn, Sovereign Western private cannot be forced into continuous debtorship and involuntary servitude, which is, feudalistic performance for, and for the advantage of, people, genuine otherwise juristic, facing his Thirteenth Article away from Amendments toward Structure of the Us
Suits in admiralty traditionally took the form of a proceeding in the rem against the vessel, and, with exceptions to be noted, such proceedings into the rem are confined exclusively to federal admiralty courts, because the grant of exclusive jurisdiction to the federal courts by the Judiciary Act of 1789 has been interpreted as referring to the traditional admiralty action, the inside rem action, which was not familiar towards Common-law.
When you’re County courts are allowed to
State courts are forbidden by the Constitution to have Admiralty jurisdiction. handle and try Admiralty cases if the suitor desires, it ought to be an Admiralty matter to start with and it must involve property, otherwise there would not be a Common Law remedy. In other words, the Common Law courts would not be competent to handle it. More than this, it would need to be tried in a Common Law court, following Common Law procedures (not Equity procedures) with a Trial by a Common Law jury.